ABA

 Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a science in which procedures are systematically applied to improve socially significant behavior to a meaningful degree.  An ABA program is a systematic teaching approach that involves breaking skills down into small, easy-to-learn steps.  Praise or other rewards are used to motivate the child, and progress is continuously measured so the teaching program can be adjusted as needed.  ABA is widely recognized as a highly effective treatment with substantial, lasting improvements in the lives of individuals with autism spectrum disorder.

SOCIAL & EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Birth to 3 months

  • Can be comforted by a familiar adult.
  • Responds positively to touch.
  • Smiles and shows pleasure in response to social stimulation.

3 to 6 months

  • Plays peek-a-boo.
  • Smiles spontaneously.
  • Laughs aloud.

6 to 9 months

  • Expresses several different emotions.
  • Responds actively to spoken language and gestures.
  • Shows displeasure at the loss of a toy.

9 to 12 months

  • Feeds him/herself finger foods.
  • Holds out arms and legs while getting dressed.
  • Mimics simple actions.
  • Shows anxiety when separated from primary caregiver.

1 to 2 years

  • Recognizes him/herself in pictures or the mirror.  Will smile and make faces at him/herself.
  • Shows intense feelings for parents and show affection for other familiar people.
  • Plays by him/herself and initiates own play.
  • Expresses negative feelings.
  • Shows pride and pleasure at new accomplishments.
  • Imitates adult behaviors in play.
  • Begins to be helpful, such as putting toys away.

2 to 3 years

  • Shows awareness of gender identity.
  • Is assertive about his/her preferences.
  • Will say “no” to adult requests.
  • Shows awareness of his/her own feelings and those of others.  Will talk about feelings.